What is a discretionary trust?
A trust is a way of looking after property or money so that it can help a person who is not able to look after the assets for themselves.
A discretionary trust is a special form of trust which gives all the decisions about how the assets are looked after and how they are used, to named trustees.
Unlike many other trusts, wealth left or accumulated in a fully discretionary trust does not affect the beneficiary's eligibility for means-tested benefits or entitlements.
In this video, Julie Schwarz, recently retired as director of Mencap Trust Company, talks about the benefits of using a discretionary trust service and the Mencap Trust service.
Frequently asked questions
Read our answers to some frequently asked questions about setting up a trust.
Why should I set up a Trust?
If a person has more than £16,000 they lose their eligibility for means-tested benefits. Losing means-tested benefits can also mean losing a support package that has been carefully built up over the course of someone’s life. Once the money is spent and the person is eligible for means-tested benefits again, this support package must be renegotiated — often from scratch.
A discretionary trust protects against this, while safeguarding vulnerable individuals who might have come in to a significant capital sum from financial abuse.
What is a letter of wishes?
A letter of wishes sits alongside the trust deed. It often includes information about your loved one’s interests and preferences, and family connections. It guides trustee decisions, but is not legally binding.
How do I set up a Trust?
Mencap Trust Company can act as the trustee of an individual trust you set up with the company. We will work with the beneficiary's family and supporters, and will put the wishes and best interests of the beneficiary at the heart of our decisions.
- Set up a standard trust with MTC with an initial amount of £5. The charge for setting up the trust is £360 plus VAT.
- You will leave the trust a further sum of money under the terms of your will – we recommend that you see a practising solicitor and make a new will.
- On your death, money will be paid to the trustees and trust will be activated.
- Tell others about the trust you have set up, and consider making a lifetime settlement.
What and who is a Trustee?
A trustee is the person or body responsible for the assets (which might include money and/or property) held in trust. Together, Mencap Trust Company’s six voluntary directors act as the sole trustee of all of our trusts, and carefully decide how each each trust fund is managed, and spent.
Who are the 'settlors'?
The majority of settlors are parents, but we also have grandparents, siblings, aunts, uncles, other family members and friends.
Anyone setting up a trust is called a 'settlor'.
How does a discretionary trust work?
The Trust Company accepts responsibility and has complete discretion for all decisions affecting the use and investment of funds. The beneficiary does not have an automatic entitlement to trust funds. For this reason the trust cannot impact on means tested benefits and entitlements. The Trust Company holds the assets in trust, to maintain and manage throughout the beneficiary’s life.
Is money gifted to a Mencap Trust exempt from inheritance Tax?
No. Mencap Trust Company is a not-for-profit company. It is not a charity. The money placed in trust is for individuals, not for a charity. The exemption from inheritance tax given to charitable trusts does not apply to discretionary trusts.
Would you recommend setting up a Disabled Persons Trust?
Families tend to think that because their loved one is disabled, and because there is a special and tax efficient trust called a Disabled Persons Trust, it must be the right choice for them. But it isn’t that simple, and has to be thought through for each family scenario.
A Disabled Persons Trust offers potential tax advantages along with less flexibility for trustee decisions. The savings in tax depend on the size of the taxable estate and the value of the trust fund, as well as how long the fund is likely to run for, and how it will be managed and used. And the impact of the lost flexibility depends on the unknowable future.
While we are offering a DPT option we will not recommend it specifically, and will always tell potential settlors to talk through all their options with experienced and qualified professionals. We will only accept DPTs from solicitors.
We want other family members to act as trustee and use Mencap Trust Company, if this doesn't work out. Can we do this?
The most important thing about a trust is that you choose the people you trust to act as trustee. Often this is younger family and friends, and this is good – Mencap Trust Company is not right for everyone.
Sometimes settlors want to name Mencap Trust Company as a substitute trustee should their first choice of trustee decide not to act, or decide to retire. Like all trust companies, Mencap Trust Company must follow a due diligence process before taking over a trust. We can only take over trusts were it is clear that the trust has been well run and has fully complied with trust and tax laws. So it is important that settlors understand that there is no guarantee that Mencap Trust Company will agree to a request to take over as trustee at a point in the future.
In addition, trusts must be consistent with the Mencap discretionary trust deed, so that it can be managed alongside our existing trusts.
Will you help me complete the paperwork?
Yes. Your first step is to talk to your solicitor about our service. If you then choose us we will guide you through the paperwork, and confirm that the trust deed is sealed and safely stored. Every two years we will check your details are up-to-date. When the time comes we will help the beneficiary and the people important in his or her life to access the trust.
Should I add funds to the trust during my life time?
Making a gift to the trust during your lifetime, is called a lifetime settlement.
A lifetime settlement gives parents the opportunity to see the Trust Company in action, and allows them to help their loved one learn how to use the trust well. We have seen how the death of a parent can end the way of life the beneficiary knew, particularly when living in the family home. A lifetime settlement ensures we have resources to support your loved one straight away. Your solicitor can advise on other ways of providing cash for the period between death and granting of probate.
I have a pension. Can that be placed in trust?
You can ask your Pension Trustee to put any remaining pension into a discretionary trust payable to a vulnerable dependent.
How do the review meetings work?
These are structured but informal meetings with the beneficiary and their supporters. Each is an opportunity to discuss health, lifestyle, financial position, ambitions and challenges. The beneficiary receives a report which they and their supporter check and sign off. Review meetings are held every 1 to 2 years depending on the value of the trust. They are also scheduled when important changes happen in the beneficiary’s life such as moving home.
How does the beneficiary ask for money from the trust?
There is no limit on the number of times a trust can be accessed. Requests can be e-mailed or posted, often after talking through details with us on the phone. A straightforward request can be approved immediately. Other requests are referred to our volunteer directors. If a request is refused this is explained and an alternative is often reached.
When is a trust ‘wound-up’?
When the primary beneficiary passes away any remaining funds are distributed as specified by the settlor in the original trust deed. Residuary beneficiaries may be siblings, friends and even charities. If no one is named then Royal Mencap Society receives the balance.
What is a lifetime settlement?
A gift put into the trust during your lifetime gives you the opportunity to see Mencap Trust Company in action, and allows you to help your loved one learn how to use the trust well.
The death of a parent can end the way of life the beneficiary knew, particularly when living in the family home. A lifetime settlement ensures we have resources to support your loved one straight away. The granting of probate can take months and the execution of the Will can take more than a year.
Your solicitor can advise on other ways of providing cash for the period between death and granting of probate.
Will Mencap Trust act as my executor?
Mencap Trust will not act as executor to your Will.
This is because we focus on running our specialist trust service. We work to ensure that each trust makes a positive difference to the beneficiary's life in the best way for that person, for the whole of their life. We are not solicitors, and we know that we do not have the knowledge or capacity to administer Wills.
If there are no family or friends able to act to act for you, you can appoint a solicitor to execute your Will. When family and friends who are named as executors, they often work with a solicitor to complete administration.
Finding and funding a place to call home
How can we help?
- We help you set up a discretionary trust
- We can help with practical advice for actions you might take in the next 12 months or so. This starts with a conversation with a GLH expert
- You decide whether you want to buy or rent a home for your loved one, or want them to continue to live in the family home
- We help you arrange the right support.
Mencap Trust Company and GLH build a relationship with the beneficiary and their support team to make sure things continue to work, year after year, as the beneficiary’s needs and ambitions change. Your plan can be updated at any time, to make sure it continues to suit your loved one.
How can the trust help with supported living?
First, your loved one will require a needs assessment – carried out by their local social services department – which determines their personal support requirements. Once this assessment has been carried out, GLH can work with you and your loved one.
Mencap Trust Company will work with the important people in your loved one’s life to make sure assessments are reviewed as required. The trustee can also help by paying for ‘extras’ to make life more enjoyable.
To find out more, download our brochure, or call us on 020 7696 6932.
Mencap Trust Company general information pack
If you'd like more information on the Mencap Trust Company please download our information pack.
If you have any questions or would like to get in touch please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Glossary of terms
We've created a glossary of some of the words we use that you might like definitions for.
Click the title below to reveal the glossary.
The vulnerable person who will benefit from the trust's assets.
The person(s) or charity(s) named by the settlor in the trust deed. Any assets left when the primary beneficiary passes away are paid to the residuary beneficiary(ies).
A person/s setting up a trust: parents and grandparent, siblings, aunt, uncle, other family member or friends. Other people can also put money into the trust.
The person or body responsible for the asset held in trust for the beneficiary. Mencap Trust Company is the sole trustee of our trusts. The trustee is represented by 6 volunteer directors who make all decisions about the management and use of each trust fund.
The legal agreement between Mencap Trust Company and the settlor. We have a standard discretionary trust deed and a disabled person's trust deed.
The money or assets held by the Trustee to be used in accordance with the trust deed.
Disabled persons trust
It is less flexible than a standard discretionary trust. Offers potential tax advantages to qualify beneficiaries. A Disabled Person’s Trust is also known as a Vulnerable Person’s Trust.
A flexible way for parents, family and friends to leave money and property to help a named individual. The discretionary trust fund does not affect the beneficiary's means-tested benefits or entitlements.
A significant asset placed in trust during the settlor's lifetime, which is then managed by the Trust Company. Parents have the opportunity to discuss with us how the trust is managed and if review visits are appropriate.
Letter of wishes
A statement made by the settlor about how they would like trust funds to be used. This can be updated at no cost at any time. It is morally, not legally, binding.
We've created a number of documents about Mencap Trust Company which you might find useful, including: